Type 2 diabetes study

type 2 diabetes study

Intensive conservative insulin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

University of New Mexico Rövid összefoglaló The hypothesis of this study is that bed rest in diabetic patients will result in a deterioration of metabolic control primarily glucose.

Specific aims: 1.

DOI: Bevezetés: Magyarországon a KSH szerint több mint 1 millió ismert cukorbeteg él. A diabetes karbantartásához elengedhetetlen a betegek tudásának, készségeinek és önhatékonyságának növelése és fenntartása.

To determine the change in metabolic control in type 2 diabetic individuals when three days of bed type 2 diabetes study is compared to three days of activity; 2. To determine the rate of progression of the deterioration in metabolic control and the magnitude of the decrease; 3. To assess whether the anticipated deterioration of metabolic control has effects on several parameters of glucose metabolism, including hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia; 4.

type 2 diabetes study

To determine the effects of bed rest on surrogate markers of atherosclerosis, such as plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 PAI1C-reactive protein CRPand homocysteine. To compare the effects of 48 hours of bed rest type 2 diabetes study orthostatic responses in type 2 diabetic patients, and healthy non-diabetics. To make recommendations to the diabetic community to prevent metabolic deterioration during a 3 day hospitalization. Részletes leírás The goal for all diabetic patients is to maintain their metabolic control as close to normal as possible to prevent the short and long term complications of diabetes.

type 2 diabetes study

Surgery of any type presents a unique challenge to the diabetic patient because two factors tend to worsen their metabolic control 1 the stress of the actual surgery and 2 the bed rest that follows the surgery. Data has clearly shown that surgery increase counter regulatory hormones epinephrine, glucagon, growth hormone and cortisol.

What has not been studied is the effect of bed rest per se on metabolic control.

It found that type 2 diabetes is associated with a higher risk of mortality in hospitalised COVID patients than type 1 diabetes. The combination of an older age and high C-reactive protein CRP was also linked to a higher risk of death.

This is surprising because there are many studies in normal healthy people demonstrating that simple bed rest increases insulin resistance and worsens metabolic control. The proposed study will define the metabolic effects of simple, three-day bed rest on metabolic control in healthy type 2 diabetic volunteers while evaluating the orthostatic response after bed rest.

All volunteers will stop their oral antidiabetic medication before they enter the GCRC. They will be placed on intravenous insulin to prevent severe metabolic deterioration and hyperglycemia.

Effect of a 2-Day Bed Rest on Metabolic and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

The amount of insulin we have to give them type 2 diabetes study maintain metabolic control will be one measure of the effects of bed rest on metabolic control. Experimental Design and Methods.

type 2 diabetes study

A crossover study in twenty healthy normal and twenty healthy type 2 diabetic subjects will be utilized. Each subject will be admitted the the GCRC the night prior to beginning the study in order to insure metabolic stability at the start of the protocol.

Each subject will stay in the GCRC three full days three nights from the time of admission.

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Each subject will be admitted on two separate occasions, separated by at least a two week interval. A diagram of the protocol is given below: The primary difference between the two admissions will be the amount of physical activity allowed each subject.

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All procedures and meals will take place in the GCRC but in between times the subject will be encouraged to walk around the hospital and to carry out normal activities of daily living.

On the bed rest GCRC admission, the subjects will be encouraged to stay in bed as much as possible and to use a bedside commode.

type 2 diabetes study

A tilt test was performed on the morning of the first day of each hospitalization and again 48 hours later. The same testing will be done as in the normal activity admission.

type 2 diabetes study

All medications that the volunteer usually takes at home will be continued in vércukorszint emelkedés étkezés után hospital. The following tests will be done on the three days: Day 1 - Blood will drawn for fasting lipids, glucose, insulin, and C-peptide as well as surrogate markers of atherosclerosis including PAI-1, IL-6, homocysteine, fibrinogen, and CRP.

In addition, a tilt table test will be done to assess autonomic response to activity or bedrest. In addition, a tilt table test will be done to assess autonomic response to activity or bed rest.

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